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Louise Bourgeois

BIOGRAPHY

Louise Bourgeois, 2003, Photo: © Nanda Lanfranco

 
There probably is no contemporary artist who so consequently expresses her emotions through her artistic work like Louise Bourgeois. Thoughts which cannot be adequately expressed by words are transferred into a concrete form so that the outside world can share in Bourgeois’ inner life. Her principal themes are the basic questions of humanity, such as birth and death, love and hate, the human body and sexuality. Therefore, her works are understandable at once, although they remain mysterious because of their complexity. She often uses symbols and metaphors offering evident interpretations. At the same time she leaves the observers completely in the dark not knowing if their interpretations necessarily lead to the understanding of the works. The variety of the applied techniques strengthens the experimental aspect in the work of the artist. She does not only focus on one discipline but uses sculpture, painting and drawing in her practise as well.
 
Louise Bourgeois was born in 1911 in Paris. Her works were first publicly acknowledged in the US, especially in New York, where she lived from 1938 onwards. In 1982, the Museum of Modern Art, New York, showed the first retrospective of her work, which led to further exhibitions throughout the US and, starting in 1989, also in Europe. She became widely known internationally through her participation in the documenta 9 in Kassel, Germany, in 1992 and the Venice Biennale in 1993. Today, she is one of the most renowned female artists in the world. Numerous museums have honoured her with important solo exhibitions. Louise Bourgeois died in 2010 in New York.

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